Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a consequence of improper oral hygiene habits. Bacteria in plaque are allowed to build up below the gumline and on the surfaces of the teeth. The acids produced by these bacteria start to attack the gums, causing them to become inflamed. The good news is that periodontal disease is fairly preventable with simple oral care habits like regular brushing and flossing. Additionally, regular visits for exams and cleanings at M2 Dental can help maintain your oral health. However, if you should develop a case of periodontal disease, there are several options available to treat it in Vancouver. These methods include dental scaling, root planing, and periodontal surgery.
Also known as a deep cleaning, this is usually the first step taken to clear away harmful bacteria and restore health to the gums. Your dentist at M2 Dental will first scale the gums, removing all the plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) from both above and below the gumline (regular cleanings only go to the edge of the gums). Planing consists of smoothing out the tooth roots. Doing so will help the gums to reattach to the teeth and help prevent bacteria from collecting there again in the form of plaque. The goal of the scaling and planing procedure is to help the gum tissue heal and to shrink the periodontal pockets. The treatment can take more than one visit to complete and may require an anesthetic. Additionally, you may be prescribed medications following it.
If the scaling and planing procedure (the less invasive method) is not enough to restore health to the gums, surgery may be required. There are several types of gum surgery, and the procedure used depends on your particular needs. Gingival flap surgery cuts into the gums to allow your dentist to clean below the pockets, a gingivectomy removes excess gum tissue, and a gingivoplasty reshapes healthy gum tissue. Periodontal surgery can also include bone surgery, such as bone grafts, and soft-tissue grafts.
After your periodontal treatment, you may receive instructions on how to better care for your teeth and gums. It may also be recommended that you make more frequent visits to M2 Dental for checkups than the recommended twice a year in Vancouver.